It’s different in Russia

This last week I have been working in Russia on issues of A1 and A2 beta-casein.  I am still there, but today is Sunday and together with my wife Annette, I am on a fast train from Moscow to St Petersburg.

It’s late autumn over here, but to a Kiwi lad it seems like the middle of winter. Until today, the weather has been fine and clear but with temperatures below freezing. Today the snow has arrived, and it will now be on the ground for at least the next four months.  There is not much sign of global warming over here!

Travelling by fast train at 250 km per hour, I am fascinated by the lungs of Russia. By that I mean the hundreds of kilometres of trees, largely pines, with just the occasional village.  Somewhere there must be some farm lands, but they sure aren’t in sight from the train.

My journey to Russia has been a long one, both physical and metaphysical. The journey itself from Christchurch to Moscow, via Sydney and Dubai, is about 29 hours. But the broader journey has been going on for about four years. It all started when a group of New Zealanders asked me to assist with a dairy project transferring New Zealand dairy technology to Russia.

In the end, that project did not go ahead and for good reason. The key technologies around grassland farming would never have worked in Russia. However, our Russian colleagues did take note when I said that A2 milk was the way of the future.

So now, four years later, A2 Moloko is a Russian company selling a range of dairy products free of A1 beta-casein. It is still early days, but they are already in 200 Moscow stores and next year the plan is to be in 1000 stores.

Part of their development plan was to publish my 2007 book ‘Devil in the Milk’ in Russian. I wrote another 20,000 words bringing it up to date, and a few months back it was published through the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. Following on from that, my wife and I are now being hosted in Russia to spread the word.

The last week is now a blur. There was a presentation to a conference of 250 paediatricians, a lecture to nutritionists at a research hospital, a 45-minute radio interview which was also streamed across Russia through the Council of Russian Mothers, a media breakfast at the Restaurant Zhivago on the edge of Red Square, a public lecture, TV interviews, and so on.

Keith Woodford (right) and interpreter at Russian paediatrician conference

A highlight for me has been to meet with Russian scientists who have been working on understanding the health aspects of beta-casomorphin-7 (BCM7, the ‘milk devil’).

I first became aware of these Russians scientists in 2009, from a paper authored by Professor Natalya Kost and colleagues in the international journal Peptides. This work showed that a proportion of babies fed infant formula had elevated levels of BCM7 in their blood and that these same babies were at risk of delayed psychomotor development (the link between the brain and the muscles).

Professor Kost and her team of medical researchers knew that this was coming from dairy, but they were not specialists in dairy science. Hence, they knew nothing of the issue of A1 and A2. It was only when we showed them the dairy science, largely coming out of Italy, that they became aware that BCM7 was coming specifically from A1 beta-casein, and that there were dairy-related breeding solutions.

Another paper coming out of Russia in 2014 this time led by Professor Oleg Sokolov was also very informative in that it showed BCM7 was being excreted in the urine of young children, and in particular by those who had autistic tendencies. But the key point for me was that even apparently normal children were excreting the BCM7.

The reason this was so important was that the European Food Safety Authority had reported in 2009 that there was no evidence that BCM7 could get from the digestive system to the internal system. Well, there is no other way it can get into urine except via the internal system.

From my perspective, it was exciting to have these independent scientists, with no links to the dairy industry (unlike the team from the European Food Safety Authority) pushing back the boundaries of knowledge.

Another scientist I met was Dr Dubynin from Moscow State University. Much of his career has been focused on casomorphins and their neurological effects.

As my Russian colleagues say, casomorphins can be both good and bad. Casomorphins have survived through evolution for good reason, including in all mammals the bonding between mother and offspring, but BCM7 from A1 beta-casein is a recent arrival consequent to an accident of nature.

Coming back to the broader issue of agri-food in Russia, I can report that both Zespri kiwifruit and New Zealand goat milk formula are here in Russia. We have been eating New Zealand kiwifruit purchased at the local supermarket near our hotel.

Modern Russia is a big exporter of grains. They also produce and export vodka, sturgeon and caviar. My Russian hosts have been educating me in the finer points of all of these products.

Sturgeon, other fish and caviar in Russian market

Despite the short Russian growing season, there is a plentiful supply of fruit and vegetables that flows into Moscow from warmer climates. There are also plenty of people with sufficient wealth to buy imported products. This means there are interesting agri-food opportunities for New Zealand.

Diverse foods in Moscow market

Moscow itself is an amazing city. My prior images of a drab and grey city were oh so wrong.

For those who like theatre and the arts, or walking the parks and boulevards adjacent to the Moscow River, or eating at ethnic restaurants, then Moscow is a good place to be. However, at this time of year, a big coat, a scarf, a hat and gloves are essential items of clothing.

Moscow is now a sophisticated mega city of some 14 million people, and the broader metropolis has about 25 million people. The internet is totally open and English language TV streams in from Western Europe. You can do whatever you like, as long as you do it in an orderly fashion.

However, getting to Russia is still somewhat daunting. Tourists must travel with a tour, and the immigration officer spent close to five minutes peering at my business visa with a microscope before letting me in. Thereafter all was sweet.

When the Soviet Union collapsed, there was a crazy period. Business and corruption went hand in hand. But those days are long since gone; Mr Putin has made sure of that. There are still plenty of oligarchs but they now have to play by the new rules. My Russian colleagues tell me they no longer have to pay bribes.

As long as we don’t make the mistake of trying to tell the Russians how they should live their lives, then relationships can be positive. But there is nothing that unites Russians of all political persuasions more than unasked-for-advice from foreigners. It is not a good idea to prod the Russian bear that way.

About Keith Woodford

Keith Woodford is an independent consultant, based in New Zealand, who works internationally on agri-food systems and rural development projects. He holds honorary positions as Professor of Agri-Food Systems at Lincoln University, New Zealand, and as Senior Research Fellow at the Contemporary China Research Centre at Victoria University, Wellington.
This entry was posted in A1 and A2 milk, Dairy. Bookmark the permalink.

7 Responses to It’s different in Russia

  1. Rod McKenzie says:

    Very interesting effort at 250kph

  2. trlahh says:

    Nostalgic read for me. I spent 6 months in Moscow in cira 1999 and recall the change of season from seeing folk fishing through ice holes on the rivers near the city to later, long runs through huge forest park in the middle of the city in spring. I think you may see strong evidence of climate change as you move toward the arctic circle where I visited. This is defined by a moving permafrost zone where trees cannot maintain a foothold and were methane plumes can potentially prove major feedback loop. Permafrost is very strange stuff… especially when we try to engineer our way across it. I think the folk who live in these regions are expert in building seasonal ice roads.

    • Keith Woodford says:

      Thanks Triahh
      At least some of the locals in St Petersburg would agree that winters are less brutal now than 20 years ago. Without wanting to get into the rights and wrongs of it, I think most Russians would probably vote for a few more degrees of warmth.
      At a political level, I cannot see global warming issues becoming a leading Russian political issue. Oil and gas lies right at the heart of Russia’s economy. And looking beyond Russia’s borders, it is also oil and gas that drive global geopolitics.

  3. great description of moscow by Dr. woodford,we feel like we were there completing information about a2 development in Rússia.congratulations Dr.woodford

  4. Peter Gill says:

    Is the 20,000 word update to Devil in the Milk available in English?
    Is it in addition to the May 2010 update which is on your website?

    • Keith Woodford says:

      It will still be sitting on my computer in English, but I have not published it.
      I need to give thought to that.
      I could also consider sending you a pdf as a private communication.
      I did not publish it because I had plans to do a total rewrite and still do. But some other things have got in the way.

  5. Hi Keith, I would be interested in seeing your 20,000 word update, if possible. Your book was a fascinating read and I found similarities with our work on heritage tomatoes. Where if you go back to the original golden (orange) form of tomato, the lycopene within it is bioavailable when eaten raw. But the red tomato which was bred and is a human construct contains a form of lycopene that is not easily absorbed by humans and needs to be cooked and eaten with a source of fat to improve absorption. The lycopene in the orange tomatoes comes with fat globules already pre-packaged within it.Kind Regards, Mark Christensen

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s